After the bloody end to Monday’s hostage crisis, Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim is being criticized. (more…)
After the bloody end to Monday’s hostage crisis, Manila Mayor Alfredo Lim is being criticized. (more…)
What are Party lists? Why should we vote for them?
Here are excerpts from Wikipedia regarding Political parties:
The Philippines has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. There are two types of parties in the Philippines: major parties, who correspond typically to traditional political parties, and minor parties or party-list organizations, who rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats.
The party-list system is the name designated for the sectoral representation. Under the 1987 Constitution, the electorate can vote for certain party-list organizations in order to give voice to significant minorities of society that would otherwise not be adequately represented through geographical district. From 1987-1998, sectoral representatives were appointed by the President.
Since 1998, each voter votes for a single party-list organization. Organizations that garner at least 2% of the total number of votes are awarded one representative for every 2% up to a maximum of three representatives. Thus, there can be at most 50 sectoral representatives in Congress, though usually no more than 20 are elected because many organizations do not reach the required 2% minimum number of votes.
After the 2007 election, in a controversial decision, COMELEC changed how it allocates the party-list seats. Under the new formula only one party will have the maximum 3 seats. It based its decision on a formula contained in a Supreme Court decision.
To determine the number of seats for sectoral representatives, the formula for the quotient is:
To see more detailed formulae, click here: Sectoral representation
Here is also an excerpt from Solidarity Philippines Australia Network:
A party-list system can help create a healthy democracy, providing a citizens’ voice in Congress and in local government. The Philippine party-list system aims to increase the representation, particularly of “marginalized and underrepresented” sectors and enhance transparency and accountability, leading to more efficient government. Political parties are strengthened, encouraging program and platform-based politics instead of weak affiliations between opportunists. This challenges moneyed and patronage politics that have bred corruption and inefficiency, hindering the country’s development.
Now that you know what party-list is, can you help us choose which among these party-list representatives is best to vote?
|Lakas-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino-Christian Muslim Democrats||Lakas Kampi CMD||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo|
|Nationalist People’s Coalition||NPC||Eduardo Cojuangco, Jr.|
|Liberal Party||LP||Manuel "Mar" Roxas II|
|Nacionalista Party||NP||Manuel Villar, Jr.|
|Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan||PDP-Laban||Aquilino Pimentel, Jr.|
|Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino||PMP||Joseph Estrada|
|Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino||LDP||Edgardo Angara|
|People’s Reform Party||PRP||Miriam Defensor-Santiago|
Here is the Comelec official ballot list for party-list groups:
|1. ANG PAMILYA FORMERLY ANC||48. AGBIAG||95. ANG TRABAHANTE||142. DIWA|
|2. 1-AANI||49. AGHAM||96. ANG TSINOY||143. EMMANUEL|
|3. 1-AABA||50. AGILA||97. ANUPA||144. FFW|
|4. 1-AHAPO||51. AGRI||98. APEC||145. FIL-MUS|
|5. 1-AK||52. AHON||99. APELA||146. FIRM 24-K|
|6. 1-CARE||53. AK||100. APO||147. GABRIELA|
|7. 1-NET||54. AKAP||101. APOI||148. GREEN FORCE|
|8. 1-TUBIG (FORMERLY AAWAS)||55. AKAP BATA||102. ARAL||149. IVAP|
|9. 1-UTAK||56. AKAP TAO||103. ARARO||150. KAAGAPAY|
|10. 1GANAP/GUARDIANS||57. AKB||104. ARC||151. KAAKBAY|
|11. 1ST KABAGIS||58. AKBAYAN||105. ARCAPP||152. KABATAAN|
|12. 1ST PRISA||59. AKI||106. AS||153. KABAYAN|
|13. A BLESSED PARTY LIST||60. AKMA-PTM||107. ASAHAN MO||154. KAKUSA|
|14. A TAMBAY||61. AKO||108. AT||155. KALAHI|
|15. A TEACHER||62. AKO AGILA||109. ATING KOOP||156. KALINGA|
|16. A-IPRA||63. AKO BAHAY||110. ATM||157. KASAPI|
|17. AA-KASOSYO PARTY||64. AKSI||111. ATONG PAGLAUM||158. KATRIBU|
|18. AAMA||65. ALAGAD||112. ATS||159. KATUTUBO|
|19. AAMBIS-OWA||66. ALAY BUHAY||113. AVE||160. KLBP|
|20. AANI||67. ALE||114. AVPAP||161. LPGMA|
|21. AAPS||68. ALIF||115. AWAT||162. LYPAD|
|22. AASCA||69. ALIM||116. BABAE KA||163. NCCP|
|23. ABA||70. ALLUMAD||117. BAGO||164. OPO|
|24. ABA ILONGGO||71. ALMA||118. BANAT||165. ORAGON|
|25. ABAKADA||72. ALMANA||119. BANDILA||166. PACYAW|
|26. ABAMIN||73. ALNA||120. BANGON TRANSPORT||167. PBA|
|27. ABANG LINGKOD||74. ALON||121. BANTAY||168. PCL|
|28. ABANTE KA||75. ALUM||122. BAYAN MUNA||169. PEP|
|29. ABAY PARAK||76. ALYANSA NG OFW||123. BAYANI||170. PFP|
|30. ABBA-AMA||77. AMA||124. BH||171. PM (MANGGAGAWA)|
|31. ABC||78. AMANA||125. BIDA (BATANG IWAS)||172. PM (MASDA)|
|32. ABO||79. AMANG||126. BIDA (BINGKIS)||173. SABOD|
|33. ABONO||80. AME||127. BIGKIS||174. SAGIP|
|34. ABOT TANAW||81. AMIN||128. BINHI||175. SB|
|35. ABP-BICOLNON||82. AMS||129. BIYAHENG PINOY||176. SENIOR CITIZENS|
|36. ABROAD||83. AN WARAY||130. BUHAY||177. SMART|
|37. ABS||84. ANAD||131. BUKID||178. TUCP|
|38. ACMA||85. ANAK||132. BUKLOD FILIPINA||179. UCAP|
|39. ACT TEACHERS||86. ANAKALUSUGAN||133. BUTIL||180. UFS|
|40. ACTS||87. ANAKPAWIS||134. CHINOY||181. UNI-MAD|
|41. ADA||88. ANG KASANGGA||135. CIBAC||182. UNLAD PILIPINAS|
|42. ADAM||89. ANG LADLAD||136. COCOFED||183. VENDORS PARTY LIST|
|43. ADD||90. ANG MINERO||137. COFA||184. VFP|
|44. ADD-TRIBAL||91. ANG NICP||138. CONSLA||185. WOMENPOWER|
|45. AFPSEGCO||92. ANG PADER||139. COOP-NATCCO||186. YACAP|
|46. AG||93. ANG PDR||140. CPM||187. YES WE CAN|
|47. AGAP||94. ANG SAMAKA||141. DAMAYAN|
Each party-list has different concerns. I think I better add in my next post what they do and their websites.
If you want to know which numbers you need to shade on May 10 election, here are the lists of national candidates based from the official ballot. Who will you vote this election? Who do you think will win this election? Who will you vote if there is no SWS survey? Sometimes, we vote for the lesser evil who has a chance to win rather than voting a better candidate with poor survey results which we think will just waste our vote. If you are one of these people, better write a comment why you voted for him/her.
|1. Acosta, Vetellano S. "Dodong" (KBL)||4. Estrada, Ejercito, Joseph M. "Erap" (PMP)||7. Perlas, Jesus Nicanor P. "Nick" (IND.)||10. Villar, Manuel Jr. B "Manny" (NP)|
|2. Aquino, Benigno Simeon III C. "Noynoy" (LP)||5. Gordon, Richard J. "Dick" (B. Bayan – VNP)||8. Teodoro, Gilberto Jr. C. "Gibo" (LKS-KAM)|
|3. De los Reyes, John Carlos G. "JC" (AKP)||6. Madrigal, Jamby A. "Jamby" (IND.)||9. Villanueva, Eduardo C. "Bro. Eddie" (BP)|
|1. Binay, Jejomar C. "Jojo" (PDP Laban)||3. Fernando, Bayani F. "BF" (B. Bayan – VNP)||5. Manzano, Eduardo B. "Edu" (LKS-KAM)||7. Sonza, Jose Y. "Jay Sonza" (KBL)|
|2. Chipeco, Dominador Jr. F. "Jun" (AKP)||4. Legarda, Loren B. "Loren" (NPC)||6. Roxas, Manuel A. "Mar" (LP)||8. Yasay, Perfecto R. "Kidlat" (BP)|
|1. Acosta, Jr. Nereus O. "Neric" (LP)||17. Estrada, Jinggoy E. "Jinggoy" (PMP)||33. Maza, Liza L. "Liza Maza ng Gabriela" (IND.)||49. Remulla, Gilbert Cesar C. "Gilbert" (NP)|
|2. Albani, Shariff Ibrahim H. "Shariff" (KBL)||18. Guico, Ramon Jr. N. "Gets Ko" (LKS-KAM)||34. Mitra, Ramon B. "Mon-Mon" (NP)||50. Riñoza-Plazo, Maria Gracia D. "Grace" (AKP)|
|3. Alonto, Zafrullah M. "Noldy" (BP)||19. Guingona, Teofisto III. D. "TG" (LP)||35. Nikabulin, Adz G. "Count Habis" (BP)||51. Roco, Sonia M. "Son" (LP)|
|4. Bautista, J.V. L. "J.V. Bautista" (PMP)||20. Hontiveros- Baraquel, Ana "Riza Hontiveros" (LP)||36. Ocampo, Ramoncito P. "Monching" (BP)||52. Sison, Adrian O. "Adrian" (AKP)|
|5. Bautista, Martin D. "Dr. Balikbayan" (LP)||21. Imbong, Jo Aurea M. "Ate Jo" (AKP)||37. Ocampo, Saturnino C. "Satur" (Bayan Muna)||53. Sotto, Vicente III C. "Tito" (NPC)|
|6. Bello, Silvestre III H. "Bebot" (LKS-KAM)||22. Inocencio, Ma. Katherine L R. "Kata" (BP)||38. Ople, Susan V. "Toots" (NP)||54. Tamano, Adel A. "Adel" (NP)|
|7. Biazon, Rozzano Rufino B. "Ruffy" (LP)||23. Lacson, Alexander L. "Pinoy" (LP)||39. Osmeña, Emilio Mario R. "Promdi" (PROMDI)||55. Tamayo, Reginald B. "Regie" (AKP)|
|8. Bong Revilla, Ramon, Jr. "Kap" (LKS-KAM)||24. Lambino, Raul L. "Raul" (LKS-KAM)||40. Osmeña, Sergio III. D. "Serge" (IND.)||56. Tarrazona, Hector M. "Tarzan" (AKP)|
|9. Caunan, Henry B. "Henry" (PDP Laban)||25. Langit, Rey M. "Rey Langit" (LKS-KAM)||41. Palparan, Jovito Jr. S. "Jovi" (IND.)||57. Tatad, Francisco S. "Kit" (GAD)|
|10. Cayetano, Pilar Juliana S. "Pia" (NP)||26. Lao, Yasmin B. "Yas" (LP)||42. Papin, Imelda A. "Imelda Papin" (KBL)||58. Tinsay, Alexander B. "Alex Tinsay" (BP)|
|11. David, Rizalito Y. "Lito" (AKP)||27. Lapid, Manuel M. "Lito" (LKS-KAM)||43. Paredes, Zosimo Jesus II M. "Jess" (AKP)||59. Valdehuesa, Manuel Jr. E. "Manny" (AKP)|
|12. De Venecia, Jose III P. "Joey" (PMP)||28. Lim, Danilo D. "General Danny" (IND.)||44. Pimentel, Gwendolyn D. "Gwen" (PDP Laban)||60. Villanueva, Hector L. "Ka Hector" (KBL)|
|13. Defensor Santiago, Miriam P. "Miriam" (PRP)||29. Lood, Alma A. "Alma" (KBL)||45. Plaza, Rodolfo G. "Ompong" (NPC)||61. Virgines, Israel N. "Dr. Israel" (BP)|
14. Drilon, Franklin M. "Frank" (LP)
|30. Lozada, Jose Apolinario Jr. L. "Jun" (PMP)||46. Princesa, Reynaldo R. "Prince" (IND.)|
|15. Enrile, Juan Ponce "JPE" (PMP)||31. Maambong, Regalado E. "Dodong" (KBL)||47. Querubin, Ariel O. "Marines" (NP)|
|16. Espinosa, Nanette M. "Ate Nanette" (KBL)||32. Marcos, Ferdinand Jr. R. "Bongbong" (NP)||48. Recto, Ralph G. "Ralph" (LP)|
1. Noynoy Aquino who claims himself not corrupt unlike any other else yet called by other presidentiables as hiding from the shadows of his parents name — hasn’t proven anything yet.
2. Manny Villar, a billionaire spending his own money for his campaign worth hundreds of millions already. A man from rags to riches, accused of the controversial corruption from the C-5 extension project wherein the P200 million project had a double entry. Ranked #2 in Pulse Asia’s SWS survey for 2010 elections but considered tie since the survey had a ±2 margin of error.
3. Erap Estrada, known as former movie action star with slogan "para sa mahirap" and "itutuloy ang laban" — due to the pre-termination of his term after being ousted and replaced by the current President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
4. Gilbert "Gibo" Teodoro (administration standard bearer), coming from nowhere but gaining respect and popularity from clear, straight to the point, and impressive answers in presidential debates.
5. Eddie Villanueva, religious leader claims to change the world, the Philippines. Known as the founder and leader of the Jesus is Lord Church prior to joining the politics. In 2004, he lost to President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo and placed last in the field of five candidates.
6. Mayor Richard "Dick" Gordon, a man of action, teamed up with Bayani Fernando (calls themselves — "the transformers"), believes that discipline is the need to make Philippines grow. Known with his achievements in Subic as Olongapo City’s Mayor as chairman and chief executive of the Subic Authority appointed by Mrs. Corazon Aquino. Ousted by Former President Erap Estrada and replaced by Rep. Felicito Payumo.
7. Jamby Madrigal, independent
8. Vetellano Acosta – KBL
9. John Carlos de los Reyes – Ang Kapatiran
10. Nicanor Perlas – Independent
Malacañang announced that President Arroyo will stay away from administration standard bearer Gilberto “Gibo” Teodoro Jr. during the entire campaign period. In addition to that announcement, the president will refuse to answer any question regarding politics, this is to focus her attention more on inspecting projects in her remaining days in office.
Deputy presidential spokeswoman Charito Planas said that her full attention is focused on wrapping up her position by checking every projects that are still ongoing. It’s not a hidden fact that many administration suffered due to lack of continuity of unfinished projects of previous administrations. The president is going around the country so she can inform the next president on the completed and unfinished projects.
Gilbert Teodoro who never fails to emphasize that if ever elected he will continue the projects that the president had left, continues to lag behind in presidential polls and surveys.
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